In 1998 the prize was awarded to Mr. Nicholas T. Saunders for his study Divine Action in the Context of Modern Science. A book of his has appeared in 2002 with Cambridge University Press as Divine Action and Modern Science.
Nicholas Saunders criticizes some scholars in theology who argue that quantum mechanics introduces gaps in determinism which gives a place for divine action. In his study, Saunders offers a very thorough analysis and critique of their arguments. He argues that quantum mechanics does not support this modern “God of the Gaps” theory in the state of completion and rationale it has among the authors quoted. This study is a very serious investigation of an influential theological interpretation of divine action, of quantum mechanics, and the relation between them.